Symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst
One of the common problems among women is the formation of ovarian cysts, if ruptured, can cause various complications and injuries in a person. Ovarian cysts are small sacs containing fluids, of different sizes, inside or on the ovaries, and in many cases, their diagnosis requires careful examinations. Getting to know the Symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst allows for faster treatment and prevention of its complications; therefore, it is better for women to constantly undergo specialized examinations and checkups and report any symptoms of ovarian cyst formation or rupture to the doctor.
What is an ovarian cyst?
Ovarian cysts are sacs containing liquid and sometimes solid substances that often form inside or on the ovaries of women. Depending on the type of ovarian cyst, its size, location, contents, and whether it is benign or malignant, the doctor will consider different treatments to remove or shrink the cysts. But sometimes, before the treatment, the cysts are opened or ruptured and the blood and fluids inside them are drained. The Symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst are not the same in all people, and in some cases, such as simple cyst rupture, it occurs without any symptoms. Although ovarian cyst rupture does not have serious complications in many women; sometimes it can cause severe pain and discomfort and dangerous consequences that require hospitalization for its control and treatment.
Causes and reasons for ovarian cyst rupture
Several factors can cause ovarian cysts to burst and tear, many of which can be prevented and controlled. The enlargement of cysts increases the possibility of bursting, and therefore it is better to take preventive and therapeutic measures as soon as possible regarding dangerous cysts. Among the causes of the rupture of ovarian cysts, the following can be mentioned:
-Hormonal changes, especially hormonal fluctuations related to the menstrual cycle
-The formation of cysts after the beginning of pregnancy or the enlargement of previous cysts during pregnancy
-Lack of clotting factors in the blood or taking anticoagulants
-bursting large cysts due to intercourse or sex
-Bowel movements and pressure during defecation in people with constipation
-Hitting the areas around the ovaries or other parts of the pelvic cavity and abdomen
- Sudden movements during exercise and even bending to pick up objects.
What are the Symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst?
Rupturing ovarian cysts sometimes do not reveal any symptoms; but in many cases, the Symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst can be observed and necessary and urgent measures can be taken to treat it. The main Symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst are:
As mentioned, rupture of the cyst is usually more common on the right side, and therefore, in most cases, the pain caused by this event is felt on the right side. The difference in the structure of blood vessels and higher blood pressure in the right ovary increases the chance of rupture of cysts on this side. In case of mild pain, painkillers can be taken; but severe pains require a quick doctor's examination.
In most cases, ovarian cyst rupture, especially functional cysts, is associated with intra-abdominal bleeding; but since this usually happens during menstrual bleeding, it is not easily recognized. According to research, the presence of many blood vessels in the wall of corpus luteum cysts increases the possibility of bleeding after these cysts burst, and in any case, severe and excessive bleeding can be dangerous.
Due to the growth and enlargement of the cysts that are on the verge of bursting, a person notices the pressure and bulge in his abdomen. Enlargement of the cysts puts pressure on the internal organs, and even after they rupture and empty the internal liquid, the swelling of the abdomen continues for a while. Therefore, among the symptoms and even complications of ovarian cyst rupture, we can mention abdominal distension and bloat.
- Although the observation of any of the mentioned symptoms alone does not ensure the rupture of the ovarian cyst; if they are accompanied by other Symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst such as dizziness, fever, nausea, vomiting, etc., the matter should be taken seriously and immediately referred to a doctor. Sometimes, anemia resulting from the bursting of an ovarian cyst causes symptoms such as an increase in heart rate or a decrease in blood pressure.
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