Cataract treatment | What is Cataract?

One of the most common eye diseases is cataract, which can be caused by various factors. When the lens of the eye loses its transparency; this means that a cataract has occurred; it should be noted that this complication leads to weakness and blurred vision. This type of disease often occurs in people over 40 years old and long-term exposure to sunlight; Of course, sometimes this disease appears in young people as well; even some babies are born with this disease. For Cataract treatment, in the initial stages, it is possible to provide a vision for the disease by using suitable sunglasses (approved by an ophthalmologist); But if the vision is so blurred that it interferes with the person's routine and prescription glasses are not effective; Cataract surgery is usually required.



Cataract treatment


What is Cataract?


 People with cataracts have blurry vision, and it's like looking out from behind a steamy window. Therefore, we see that these people have problems in doing things like driving (especially at night) and studying. In the first place, it usually does not affect your vision; rather, it gradually grows and makes your vision difficult and eventually leads to blurred vision and visual impairment. This disease can affect one or both of your eyes; it should be noted here that this problem will never spread from one eye to another.



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What are the causes of cataracts?


The most common cause of cataracts is aging. Other causes include:

-Family history of cataracts

-Medical problems such as diabetes

-hit in the eye

-Long-term use of drugs such as corticosteroids

-Prolonged and unprotected exposure to sunlight

-History of eye surgery.




How is cataract treated?


Cataract treatment is done by surgery. However, if the symptoms of cataracts are mild, changing the glasses score may temporarily solve your problems. There is no medication, diet, exercise, or optical device that can cure or prevent cataracts. Staying out of the sun may help prevent or slow the progression of cataracts. Sunglasses that absorb UV light or prescription glasses with an anti-UV coating provide eye protection.


Cataract treatment


When should cataract surgery be performed?


When cataracts reduce vision to such an extent that it prevents daily activities. The idea that cataracts must be "ripe" for surgery is not true. When a cataract develops, the lens of the eye becomes thick and cloudy. Light cannot pass through it easily, thus in this way it causes blurring of vision.

Cataract surgery can be performed when your vision needs warrant it. You need to see if your vision is good enough to do your work without any discomfort and Drive safely. Can you read and watch TV easily? Can you do daily activities such as cooking, shopping, housework, and taking your medicine without problems? Based on your problems, you and your ophthalmologist can decide together when surgery is necessary.




What should you do after a cataract operation?


You may feel the presence of a foreign body in your eye for some time. After surgery, tears and mild discharge are normal and common side effects. You may not have a full vision for a few days. This complication can be due to temporary swelling of the cornea or stitches. Avoid touching and rubbing your eyes for a week. The day after the surgery, clean your eyelids with sterile gauze, then put a shield on your eye. You can wear sunglasses during the day, but be sure to wear eye protection while sleeping. After the cataract operation with surgery, avoid sleeping on the side of the operated eye and the separated stomach. After the cataract operation, there is no special food avoidance and the diet is not recommended privately, except according to the recommendation of the internist. At least one week after the surgery, avoid bending and lifting heavy objects separately. If you feel pain and discomfort, you can use acetaminophen tablets.

If you have severe pain that cannot be relieved by painkillers, swelling of the eyelids and redness of the eyes, or loss of vision, contact your doctor immediately, and if you do not have access to your surgeon, go to the emergency clinic immediately.




End word

Cataracts are a common cause of vision loss, especially in the elderly, but they can be treated. In addition to being able to tell you whether your vision loss is caused by cataracts or has another cause, an ophthalmologist can also help you decide on surgery for Cataract treatment.


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