Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus
Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus is a surgery in which the uterus is removed. Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgeries among women, according to research, about one-fifth of women perform this surgery in their lifetime. In the past, uterine cancer and common women's diseases were one of the main causes of women's deaths. But today, if there is a possibility of cancer, especially in the menopausal age, they remove the uterus and reduce the possibility of women's diseases. Stay with us until the end of the article to know more about Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus.
What are the signs of needing a hysterectomy?
-Occurrence of heavy bleeding during menstruation;
-Feeling pain in the pelvic area for a long time;
-The presence of fibroids or non-cancerous masses in the uterine wall;
-Incidence of ovarian cancer;
-Incidence of uterine cancer;
-Incidence of fallopian tube cancer;
-Incidence of cervical cancer;
-Occurrence of infectious diseases;
-Endometriosis is a disorder in which the inner lining of the uterus grows outside and causes pain and bleeding.
The final way to treat all these problems is by removing the uterus. But if the obstetrician and gynecologist observe these symptoms, she/he first goes to non-invasive treatments and simpler invasive treatments and chooses hysterectomy as the last option.
Types of Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus
There are different types of hysterectomy, and one of them is chosen for treatment according to the type of problem. The patient goes to the specialist and the specialist doctor after examination if there is no improvement due to non-surgical treatments. Based on the type of problem, determines what type of surgery should be performed.
- Subtotal (partial) hysterectomy: This type of surgery depends on the existing problem. It removes only part of the uterus.
- Total hysterectomy: In this type of surgery, the entire uterus is removed from the person's body. If this type of surgery is done, annual tests are no longer needed, but special tests of the pelvis should be done.
- Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: In this type of surgery, in addition to removing the entire uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries are removed.
How is a hysterectomy performed?
Based on the type of disorder, they choose the type of hysterectomy operation. General anesthesia is sometimes used for this category of operations, and local anesthesia is sometimes used. They start the procedure by injecting a sedative if they use local anesthesia.
-Abdominal hysterectomy: In an abdominal hysterectomy, the surgeon removes the uterus from the patient's body using large vertical and horizontal incisions on the abdomen.
-Vaginal hysterectomy: In this method, small incisions are made in the vaginal area and no incisions are seen in the external areas.
-Laparoscopic hysterectomy: In this method, a device called a laparoscope is used, which is equipped with a light and a camera, and through which the inside of the abdomen can be seen. In this method, the uterus is divided into several parts and each part is removed from the body separately.
Some of the points that must be observed after a Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus
-After a hysterectomy, you must be hospitalized for two to five days so that the doctor can check your vital signs such as breathing and heart rate during this time.
To prevent blood clots and dead blood in the leg after the operation, you should walk;
-If the surgery was performed from the vaginal area, the doctor bandages that area to prevent bleeding. After removing the dressings, bloody or brown discharge may be observed for ten days;
-After you are discharged from the hospital. You should walk for a while to prevent problems that may arise after the operation;
-During the recovery period, avoid activities such as pulling and lifting heavy objects, sex, and bending;
-women who have undergone vaginal hysterectomy or laparoscopy will recover after three to four weeks. But in cases where a hysterectomy is performed through the abdomen, more time is needed for recovery.
Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus is a very common surgery among women. Which is safe and low-risk. If you see the symptoms we mentioned in this article, see a gynecologist so that he/she can solve your problem using a treatment other than surgery. If there is no improvement, the doctor goes to the surgery option. According to the existing problem, he/she chooses one of the types of hysterectomy.
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